Touchstone Therapy Center, Inc.

Attachment Disorder, Trauma, Adoption Issues, Child and Family Therapy

Attachment disorders can occur under of the following conditions:

  • Abuse, abandonment and neglect during infancy and early childhood.
  • Loss of primary caregiver and significant others.
  • Experiencing highly stressful and chaotic family and physical environments such as
    domestic violence situations.
  • Exposure to illicit drugs and or alcohol during fetal development.
  • Inconsistent parenting efforts and instability in parent-child relationships.

Behavioral and Emotional Indicators of Attachment Disorders in Children:

  • Inability to self-regulate emotional and behavioral states.
  • Under-developed conscience and empathy towards others.
  • Difficulty with linking cause and effect in relationships and events.
  • Highly demanding of others, especially their identified caregiver.
  • Facial expressions that are often inconsistent with underlying emotional states.
  • Difficulty establishing reciprocity and integrating emotion, thought and behavior in a coherent fashion.
  • Prolonged temper tantrums.
  • Mood instability (i.e. overly anxious, depressed and/or aggressive).
  • May display frequent frustration.
  • Withdrawn from adults and uninterested in making connections with others.
  • Self-destructive behaviors and/or destructive and aggressive behaviors toward animals,
    people and property.
  • Exaggerated fright, flight or freeze responses to stressful situations.
  • Overly friendly and physically intrusive with a poor sense of boundaries.
  • Distrustful or overly trustful of others.
  • Emotionally distant and avoidant, reluctant to engage with peers and adults.
  • Highly manipulative and superficially engaging of others.
  • Sexually reactive or promiscuous towards peers, siblings and adults.
  • Defiant with parents and other authority figures.
  • Existence of learning problems.
  • History of birth family attachment difficulties.



  • Symptoms of attachment disorders may co-exist with other conditions such as Bi-Polar Disorder,
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD.
  •  Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PPD),
  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) with or without hyperactivity and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).

Please contact us to request more information.


Touchstone Therapy Inc.

Fax: (801) 485-8111


What Is Attachment Disorder?


An attachment disorder is the result of developmental trauma and neglect from early experience, that significantly impairs a child’s capacity to establish and maintain an intimate and trusting relationship with a caregiver. When trust is absent in the child-caregiver relationship, the child cannot feel confident that his/her environment will be safe and his/her emotional and physical needs will be met.

Additionally, an insecure attachment impairs the child’s ability to develop a cohesive, positive self-image and to self-regulate her emotional and behavioral states.

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Phone: (801) 485-8051

Fax: 1-801-485-8111

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Attachment disorder is the result of developmental trauma and neglect which significantly impairs a child's capacity to establish relationships.


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